Justice Integrity Project
Alabama’s leading news organization has called for a scandal-plagued federal judge to resign after his arrest in Atlanta.
Al.com, a consortium of three newspapers that boasts of the largest readership in the state, published an editorial Aug. 22 saying U.S. District Judge Mark Fuller, 55, should resign his lifetime appointment following his arrest on a battery charge against his wife, Kelli Gregg Fuller. She told police she had accused her husband of an affair with a court staffer under his supervision at the courthouse in Alabama's state capital of Montgomery.
"It's all too tawdry," Al.com's editorial stated. "Fuller's actions show his ability to make good decisions is impaired."
The wealthy judge, released on a $5,000 bond for a Fulton County court appearance Sept. 5, has gone into rehabilitation treatment and has hired top lawyers – including Jeffrey Brickman, a former prosecutor in Atlanta. Treatment sometimes persuades judges to vacate charges.
Update: On Aug. 26, the Montgomery Advertiser became the fourth newspaper in Alabama's four largest cities to call for Fuller's resignation: U.S. District Judge Mark Fuller should resign.
Meanwhile, the federal appeals court overseeing judges in a three-state region has transferred all of Fuller's cases to other judges and launched a disciplinary investigation of the once powerful judge who from 2004 to 2011 presided as chief judge in Alabama's federal middle district.
A report Aug. 26 said all of Fuller's top colleagues have been summoned to Atlanta for three days of discussions about his fate. The acting chief of the federal appeals court failed to respond to our request for verification or comment.
Women’s rights and other civil rights advocates are gearing up for a mass protest against Fuller. His first wife, Lisa Boyd Fuller, accused him in 2012 divorce papers of wife-beating and adultery with a clerk, plus drug and alcohol abuse.
Fuller, shown in his jail mug shot, completed his divorce protected by a special order from a Montgomery circuit judge, Anita Kelley. She sealed Fuller's records despite his wife's objections, a protest by our Justice Integrity Project along with two other news organizations -- and a state law requiring open court records, including in divorce cases. Our project and others were unsuccessful also in obtaining comment from Fuller or his attorneys.
Fuller faces unusually harsh new criticism from the prominent local attorney, banker and entrepreneur Donald V. Watkins in addition to the attacks on the judge by his former allies in the media and supervisors at the Atlanta-based 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals.
Watkins, shown at right in a Facebook portrait, is a longtime Birmingham lawyer and banker. He has repeatedly denounced Fuller on Facebook and called for "thousands" of protesters to march against defendant Sept. 5 at the Fulton County courthouse in Atlanta.
"Fuller has earned a reputation as a hardcore 'law and order' judge for the harsh sentences he imposes in criminal cases," Watkins said for a story published by the Montgomery Advertiser under the headline, Watkins Calls For Maximum Sentence For Fuller. "If Fuller is found guilty, we request that the Court sentence him to the maximum one-year jail time allowed under Georgia law for a misdemeanor. As I mentioned earlier, Judge Fuller believes in handing down maximum criminal sentences. I am sure he would want nothing less in his own case."
Watkins has blistered Fuller and his allies since the arrest on many grounds, including domestic violence and hypocrisy. "Defendant Fuller is used to receiving special treatment in Alabama," Watkins wrote in his open letter excerpted by the Advertiser. "He is part of the oligarchy of white men who run the State of Alabama. Fuller has absolutely no respect for women (or people of color)."
Watkins unveiled via Facebook on Aug. 24 an explosive new line of attack against Fuller. In a column entitled, Judicial Hypocrisy In Action: A Tale of Two Federal Judges, Watkins revealed the inside story of how Alabama's federal judges in 2002 used rumors of womanizing to force the resignation of a Democratic-appointed federal judge, H. Dean Buttram, Jr., after just four years into his lifetime appointment.
Watkins compared Buttram favorably with Fuller in this way:
"Buttram’s alleged womanizing never spilled over to the public arena," Watkins wrote. "He was never arrested for battering his wife or any other woman. Whatever conduct compelled the judges to ask for Buttram’s resignation never rose to the level of a public spectacle. Buttram came to the bench as a scholar and gentleman, and he left as one."
Watkins followed up Aug. 25 by writing a letter to U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John G. Roberts outlining the scandals in a five-page letter and urging intervention by Roberts.
Roberts is shown at left and is a Republican, like nearly all recent chief justices for more than a century. The sole exception of a Democratic U.S. Supreme Court chief justice has been a seven-year term for the Truman-nominated Fred Vinson, beginning in 1946.
Roberts leads not simply the Supreme Court but the the federal court system's administrative council that has historically ignored complaints about Fuller. These complaints include a lengthy filing in 2003 by an experienced Missouri litigator calling for Fuller's impeachment on corruption grounds. The filing was made to Fuller's court but, for mysterious reasons court officials have never described, never appeared in the electronic docket supposedly available to the public.
What may shape up as most important, however, is not so much new information added to years of long-simmering scandal regarding Fuller -- but a strong, outspoken local messenger in Watkins, along with a public that has witnessed continuing scandals in Washington and across the nation. At the same time, Fuller's protective shield of political allies in Alabama is showing big signs of erosion.
Fuller's conduct has prompted many critics. Until now, however, few aside from litigants have had the gumption, resources and all-important local ties to Alabama to attack the judge publicly over a sustained period. One of the reasons? Alabama lawyers face both formal and informal reprisals for criticizing a judge.
We at the Justice Integrity Project have reported Fuller's corruption for more than five years, including a front-page story on Huffington Post in 2009, Siegelman Deserves New Trial Because of Judge’s ‘Grudge’, Evidence Shows….$300 Million in Bush Military Contracts Awarded to Judge’s Private Company. The story documented many Fuller scandals, including in finances, and attempt to cheat the state's pension fund out of $330,000 to appease a reputed blackmailer -- and Fuller's oversight of one of the most controversial federal prosecutions in recent history.
Buttram and Fuller's two attorneys failed to respond to our requests this week for comment. We shall add any comment that is received to the following account, which is slightly updated and corrected from a version that appeared Aug. 24.
A federal appeals court in Atlanta took the rare step last week of reassigning all cases from a prominent judge who had been arrested on a charge of battery against his wife.
Separately, a Fulton County court forbade U.S. District Judge Mark E. Fuller, 55, from contact with his wife Kelli Gregg Fuller, 41, a former deputy court clerk for Fuller who phoned police late Aug. 9 from a luxury hotel to say her husband was beating her after she accused him of having an affair with a law clerk.
The wife-beating and sex scandal allegations puncture the protective cocoon that the mainstream media and legal establishment have provided for years for Fuller, chief judge of Alabama's middle district from 2004 to 2011. He is shown in a blue jail jumpsuit via county courthouse video during his hearing Aug. 11.
Activists are seeking to convene women's groups for his next hearing, originally scheduled Aug. 22 and now Sept. 5 at the Fulton County courthouse. Two Atlanta attorneys, Donald V. Watson and Joseph Cole, plan to organize protests against lenient treatment for Fuller, whom Watson described as undergoing rehabilitation treatment.
We at the Justice Integrity Project and elsewhere have documented many allegations of abuses by Fuller that include financial and legal corruption. Also, we have reported his more personal vices involving claims made by his first wife, Lisa Boyd Fuller, of wife-beating and sex scandal along with drug and alcohol abuse.
Longtime Alabama political writer Bob Martin, now editor of the Alabama's Montgomery Independent, is one of relatively few mainstream Alabama journalists to dig into these matters in recent years.
Based on Martin's long experience in the state capital region and recent developments, he republished Aug. 12 in the Independent (and its sister Millbrook Independent) our comprehensive Justice Integrity Project overview that day, Siegelman’s Judge Charged With Wife Beating.
Then Dana Jill Simpson, an Alabama attorney and former political researcher for Republicans, published late on Aug. 16 here on Facebook a jeremiad against Fuller. She focused especially on the misdemeanor wife-beating allegation and other issues of character.
"Every lawyer around who knew of Judge Fuller had heard for years how he treated women and political foes," she wrote. "Those of you who know me know I have spent 25 years in the trenches working in the courts in rural Alabama to protect families as much as I could from domestic violence. And to have this guy just keep beating on women while sitting on the bench is intolerable -- not just for me but is an insult to all women in this state."
Simpson had stepped forward in 2007 to swear that Fuller had helped frame former Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman and former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy on corruption charges.
Simpson is shown in a screen shot from a 2008 CBS 60 Minutes report in which she and others made strong allegations also against the Bush administration federal prosecutors of Siegelman and Scrushy, as well as White House advisor Karl Rove.
But CBS failed to report her allegations against the trial judge, Fuller. Her allegations included sworn testimony that the judge "hated" Siegelman and documentation that a defense contractor the judge secretly controlled as its largest shareholder, Doss Aviation, had received without notice to litigants more than $70 million in no-bid federal contracts.
Soon thereafter the total was revealed to be $300 million, counting new awards received during the 2006 to 2009 time frame, as we reported for the Huffington Post in 2009.
Fuller has become enriched on the bench by those largely secret military contracts, which are almost never mentioned except in the independent, web-based media. As an exception, Martin broke the story in the Independent that Fuller pocketed $18 million in 2012 from the sale of Doss Aviation just before his divorce from his first wife.
The Justice Integrity Project, like other news outlets, has repeatedly requested substantive comment through the years from Fuller, who has presided in Alabama's middle district based in the state capital of Montgomery. The judge did email me once that he could not comment because he was a judge. Other requests from me and others have been ignored to the best of my knowledge.
Atlanta police last weekend alleged wife-beating by the Alabama judge who helped railroad into prison former Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman.
Police charged U.S. District Judge Mark Fuller with misdemeanor battery early Aug. 10 following an altercation late Saturday night at the luxury Ritz-Carlton Hotel with Fuller's second wife, Kelli Fuller, 41, a former clerk in Fuller's courthouse. Police reported that she was injured but declined hospital treatment.
The police report said that Kelli Gregg Fuller accused the judge of cheating with another clerk who worked with him, and threw glass at him after both had been drinking.
The judge allegedly responded with violence but told police he was merely trying to defend himself, according to a report by Bill Barrow of the Associated Press. The AP quoted the judge's stepson, Hunter Gregg, age 17, as saying he heard the dispute while passing a hotel corridor, and it was not the first of its kind.
Fuller, 55, shown in a mug shot Sunday, presides in Alabama's federal district based in the state capital of Montgomery, where he was chief judge from 2004 to 2011 in charge of administration as well as cases. Fuller spent more than a day in the Fulton County jail without bond, thereby missing his scheduled cases in Alabama. On Aug. 11, the Atlanta judge released Fuller on a $5,000 bond for a court hearing postponed from Aug. 22 to Sept. 5.
Two Atlanta attorneys, Donald V. Watson and Joseph Cole, plan to organize protests against lenient treatment for Fuller, whom Watson described as undergoing rehabilitation treatment.
A former Republican leader, businessman and state prosecutor in Alabama, Fuller presided in 2006 over the federal corruption trial of Siegelman, the state's leading Democrat.
Siegelman remains in prison on a six-year term that Fuller imposed with unusually harsh terms. Fuller refused the bond normally granted in white-collar cases during appeals, and ordered Siegelman paraded out of court in chains before the media. Siegelman, convicted primarily for reappointing a donor to a state board, was placed solitary confinement in various out-of-state prisons to keep him away from family and media inquiries.
The harsh sentence following many pro-prosecution rulings and courtroom irregularities by Fuller that have been approved by appellate judges and Justice Department officials.
Unprecedented protests by legal scholars, former prosecutors and outraged members of the public have failed to budge authorities to grant relief for Siegelman or probe his opponents like Fuller in any meaningful fashion, even though Fuller's career began in 2003 with an unrelated complaint seeking his impeachment for corruption.
Fuller's judicial status and his powerful political, business and media support have protected him despite serious professional and personal scandals documented here at the Justice Integrity Project site and elsewhere.
Fuller's business and professional ties to what President Eisenhower called "The Military Industrial Complex" in a 1961 Farewell Address have presented a secret and dangerous element of the power Fuller wields as judge. Among our findings are that Fuller while a judge secretly controlled unknown to the litigants facing him up to 44 percent of the stock of a military contractor, Doss Aviation, Inc., which Fuller formerly ran as CEO.
The company operated globally, including at Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base in Montgomery.
In one of the many Kafka-like paramilitary dimensions to the Siegelman prosecution, the Air Force base secretly housed for years a special federal-state task force devoted to one purpose: finding enough evidence under the leadership of an Air Force Reserve colonel, Steven Feaga, to imprison Siegelman, whom Fuller allegedly "hated" and whom other Republican leaders wanted removed from politics.
Feaga held a joint appointment with the Justice Department and worked closely with the GOP-controlled Alabama attorney general's office to intimidate at the base prospective witnesses against Siegelman, thereby uniting military and civilian powers in a frightening and secret combination that the Obama administration has continued.
Thus, the weekend's arrest is worth extended treatment.
In an age of financial austerity and diminished professional standards, the conventional media can focus on relatively specific matters like wife-beating, sexual infidelity or politically incorrect comments about race or sex.
Complex wickedness, however, involving major institutions does not fit any longer into journalistic formulas -- and is thus ignored for the most part.
But not here, and not now.
We draw first on background from the Huffington Post, which provided exceptionally bold coverage in years past compared to the complacency and self-censorship of the mainstream media.
The Huffington Post front-paged several of my investigations in 2009, including:
- Siegelman Deserves New Trial Because of Judge’s ‘Grudge’, Evidence Shows….$300 Million in Bush Military Contracts Awarded to Judge’s Private Company,
- Siegelman's First Trial Judge Blasts U.S. Prosecutors, Seeks Probe of 'Unfounded' Charges,
- Alabama Decisions Illustrate Abuse of Judicial Power
- Did DoJ Blackmail Siegelman Witness With Sex Scandal?
Most of these reports were carried simultaneously by OpEdNews. All built on the previous reporting of several courageous bloggers cited in the articles, as well as occasional mainstream commentaries such as an important CBS 60 Minutes report in 2008 that helped shape public opinion, while cravenly omitting all mention of Fuller.
The gist then and now is that defense attorneys, legal scholars and whistleblowers have provided compelling evidence that prosecutors framed Siegelman for political reasons. Fuller rubber-stamped and often augmented the travesty, as did higher courts and both the Bush and Obama Justice Departments.
The record illustrates that the Bush and Obama administrations march in unison when it comes to protecting Fuller and the tainted prosecution of Siegelman.
The White House photo at right, taken before a White House dinner for the Obamas to host the Bush family, shows at least symbolically how their interests remain far closer on core issues than commonly perceived.
The GOP has long complained that Obama was at best a naive law professor and community organizer, and at worst a radical leftist and would-be autocrat.
In fact, the Siegelman case helps expose that both Obama and Bush and their peers in both parties answer to similar puppet masters, who have scant interest in allowing another of their loyal servants like Fuller become embarrassed. Furthermore, in-depth investigation reveals that Obama has much to hide about his background and the money-making of his appointees. As one recent example, the son of Vice President Biden has just been named as a counsel to an important Ukrainian company. Republicans know and leverage many of those secrets, including about Obama's rise to power, leaving the public in the dark for the most part.
To trigger an understandable framework for the corruption of the justice system under both national parties, it took a wife, a fight, a Saturday night -- and local police.
The federal corruption trial of former Virginia Gov. Robert McDonnell illustrates the power held by prosecutors to destroy a defendant -- or, conversely, to grant a wrist slap.
As the trial finished its second week, looming large is the difference between the 14 counts McDonnell and his wife Maureen currently face -- and the prosecution's pre-trial offer of merely one count against the former governor if he would plead guilty to a false statement charge.
The difference shows how our legal system grants prosecutors too much authority compared with that of judges and juries.
Juries theoretically decide a case. In practice, prosecutors make the most important decisions by deciding how vigorously to pursue complex cases in terms of investigative resources and charges, including whether to accuse family members to rachet up pressure on defendants.
McDonnell and his wife are shown in a file photo widely distributed via flickr. They are accused of trading the governor's office prestige for more than $150,000 in gifts, vacations and loans from Jonnie Williams, head of Star Scientific, a vitamin supplement start-up company.
A guilty plea by the former governor to one count would have enabled the former First Lady to avoid charges. Also, both of them would have been free from the trial's cascade of embarrassing evidence.
News coverage of the trial now makes it difficult for the couple and their children to re-establish their lives even if acquitted. An indictment alone, much less humiliating trial evidence, often destroys finances, savings, job prospects and often friendships and family relations.
And if the defendants are convicted of multiple charges they face mandatory minimum sentences that are far harsher than what a judge might impose for a guilty plea to one offense by one defendant.
The Justice Integrity Project has documented many instances where prosecutors ruthlessly prosecute some individuals while granting a wrist-slap or less to defendants who have done the same things. Misconduct can be a factor also. USA Today published a series in 2009 that reported 201 criminal cases in which federal judges found that prosecutors broke laws or ethics rules. The reported abuses put innocent people in jail, and set guilty people free.
From our files (and searchable on this site through the search tool at top right), examples include the continued imprisonment of former Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman for reappointing to a state board in 1999 a donor to a non-profit the governor supported. In an unprecedented but mysteriously unsuccessful filing to the U.S. Supreme Court, 113 former state attorneys general argued that Siegelman's conduct was not even a crime.
Another shocking example was the unsuccessful federal prosecution from 2006 to 2009 of famed medical expert Dr. Cyril Wecht, shown in a photo. Authorities charged him with 84 felony counts, most of which were for sending 43 faxes on personal matters during his 20 years as part-time coroner for Allegheny County in Pennsylvania.
For the fax-sending, prosecutors counted each fax as a separate felony charge punishable by years in prison. Yet it was conduct totaling $3.86 in extra electricity and phone charges that almost any government employee has "committed" such as in using a government-owned fax, phone or computer for a personal communication to a spouse, child, friend or someone else.
Wecht, an eminent and elderly consultant, author and medical school professor, had to spend $8.6 million in legal bills to avoid the possibility of imprisonment for the rest of his life for the fax-sending and similarly trivial accusations.
During the Wecht prosecutions in two trials, the famed federal prosecutor in Chicago, Patrick Fitzgerald, was revealed as having used his government fax machine also for personal purposes. But Fitzgerald was not prosecuted, and undoubtedly was not even investigated. There is no reason Fitzgerald should have been investigated for such a trivial office matter -- but there is even less reason that Wecht should have been prosecuted by Fitzgerald's colleagues extending from the Bush administration until well into the Obama era.
Seldom, however, do we see the contrast in the federal system so vividly displayed as in the McDonnell case unfolding in a Northern Virginia courtroom.
On the eve of a major Whistleblower Summit in the nation's capital, a federal judge issued a shocking pro-CIA ruling that has the effect of discouraging disclosure about the 1963 murder of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas.
U.S. District Judge Richard Leon denied attorneys fees under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to truth-seekers whose decade-long litigation against the CIA unearthed one of the most important disclosures during recent years in the murder investigation.
One revelation from the litigation was that a CIA psychological warfare expert, George Joannides, may have met accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald before the killing -- and then failed to disclose that fact in the 1970s to congressional investigators reexamining the case. Joannides was the CIA's official liaison to congressional investigators.
Leon has issued three previous pro-CIA rulings, all reversed by the federal appellate court. His pattern of pro-agency rulings helps underscore the importance of the annual Whistleblower Summit for Civil and Human Rights, which began Monday, July 28 and extended for four highly successful days at several locations in Washington, DC. Details are here.
At the Summit, I examined Leon's role during my panel discussion about FOIA litigation on the opening day 28. I did so so earlier during the day also during a radio interview by Gloria Minott of WPFW-FM, which was syndicated nationally by the Pacifica Network and locally at 89.3 FM.
Minott was the main moderator of the Summit, which honored, among others, U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and former Qwest CEO Joseph Nacchio. Nacchio was imprisoned on dubious financial fraud charges after he refused a Bush-Cheney administration demand before 9/11 to help the NSA undertake illegal surveillance of Qwest customers. My information from expert sources for years has has been that Nacchio was targeted by prosecutors as reprisal for being the only major telco CEO to refuse the government's then-illegal spying orders.
More generally, whistleblowers should know that Leon's decision discouraging investigation of President Kennedy's murder helps illustrate how truth-seekers can face hidden obstacles that motivate biased judges and other supposedly independent watchdogs to use their skills to fight disclosure even -- or especially -- when the stakes are high.
Truth-seekers should thus press forward with litigation and other tactics, but should be prepared also to fight in the court of public opinion.
In the JFK case:
CIA reluctantly disclosed during the litigation that travel records for Joannides revealed that he had traveled to New Orleans at a time when both he and accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald were active in the same anti-Castro circles before the killing.
Little known to the public but common knowledge among investigators, these anti-Castro circles were heavily infiltrated by the CIA (including Joannides) and FBI -- and likely included Oswald himself.
Oswald is shown in a New Orleans police photo following his intentional arrest during the summer of 1963 for his pro-Castro leaflet distribution. Authorities have long cited Oswald's actions as evidence of his suspicious behavior.
Skeptics of the commission's finding of his guilt in the JFK killing, however, cite extensive evidence that Oswald undertook the demonstration in cooperation with anti-Castro handlers working with the CIA and FBI who wanted him to become visibly identified as a pro-Castro operative. That complex world of intrigue -- in which the former Marine Oswald, 23, may have been the "patsy" for others -- is the subject of many books and disputes. A web-based column by Spartacus Educational researcher John Simkin provides a summary of a small portion of the material.
Later, Joannides served (without disclosing his 1963 summer trip to New Orleans, his family home) as the CIA's liaison to the 1970s House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) committee re-examining the Warren Commission's finding that Oswald killed Kennedy, acting alone.
In 1981, the CIA awarded a medal for career service to Joannides that recognized his 28-year career, the litigation disclosed. Now deceased, his photo is below.
The judge is a Harvard Law School graduate who earned his prominence in part via the bitter partisan investigative probes of years past. On July 23, he ruled that a decade of public interest litigation to disclose the scandal was not important enough to merit fees under the law.
Unless overturned, Leon's ruling represents a harsh blow to two small non-profit public service organizations and their leaders. They have helped lead the fight to uncover the facts of one the most important murder mysteries in American history, and in this instance achieved major discoveries.
JFKFacts.org founder Jefferson Morley and his attorney, James Lesar, brought FOIA lawsuit Morley v. CIA seeking release of long-secret JFK records. Lesar is a longtime specialist in FOIA law who also leads the Assassination Archive and Records Center (AARC).
Morley is a former Washington Post reporter who left the paper after it proved reluctant in his view to pursue leads in the JFK murder case.
He published his view of Leon's decision in a July 25 column, Fifty one years later, federal judge upholds the CIA’s right to keep JFK secrets.
"The decision," Morley wrote, "exemplifies the extraordinary deference that the CIA enjoys in the federal courts. Leon dismissed extensive newspaper coverage of the lawsuit and ignored the coverage of a key document it uncovered. He affirmed that the CIA’s conduct in keeping JFK assassination-related records secrets in 2014 was “reasonable.” Morley continued regarding Leon:
His narrow decision studiously avoids grappling with the untold story of CIA operations around accused presidential assassin Lee Oswald in the summer of 1963 and the agency’s subsequent obstruction of a congressional investigation in 1978. The story of the late George Joannides [a CIA liaison to congressional investigators who failed to disclose that he had worked with Oswald prior to the assassination] is obviously relevant to the JFK story.
Members of 9/11 Commission this week leveraged the 10th anniversary of their report to announce a dozen recommendations focused primarily on fanning fears of foreign terrorism. The former commissioners urged strong spending on counter-terrorism intelligence and far fewer congressional oversight committees.
News coverage arising from the announcement and related congressional testimony avoided mysteries and ongoing disputes.
For example, former Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Bob Graham, in Re-Open the 9/11 Investigation Now, and former 9/11 Commissioner Max Cleland, who left the commission before its final report in 2004, have each called for renewed formal investigations of 9/11. Their perspectives were almost entirely missing from the forum and mainstream news coverage.
"The fix is in," former Bush Administration counter-terrorism advisor Richard Clarke recalled telling a White House colleague in early 2003.
Clarke is best known for apologizing to 9/11 families and other Americans for the tragedy to begin his 2004 testimony before the Commission. He told a biographer he made the "fix" remark upon hearing news that the 9/11 Commission had hired as its executive director Philip Zelikow. Zelikow, part of the Bush administration transition team, was a close ally of the administration and a fierce opponent of Clarke, a National Security Council staffer who had unsuccessfully warned about al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden before the 9/11 attacks.
Such talk was not part of last week's forum convened July 22 by the Bipartisan Policy Center in downtown Washington, DC.
"Many Americans," they said, "think that the terrorist threat is waning -- that, as a country, we can begin turning back to other concerns. They are wrong. The threat remains grave and the trend lines in many parts of the world are pointing in the wrong direction."
The speakers said the public should fear terrorism and support vigorous counter-terrorism measures. A photo above via Creative Commons portrays the attack on New York's World Trade Center.
Counter-terrorism contractors and their allies in government, Wall Street and the media fear budget cutbacks in an era of austerity, especially when relatively few foreign terrorism threats have been discovered. Many of plots exposed have revealed deep involvement by undercover federal agents pretending to support a plot. That evidence could mean that counter-terrorism investments are working -- or conversely that few plots exist aside from those observed if not fostered by agents until the time of arrest.
This column explores the financial and career incentives that shaped the 9/11 Commission's work and shows that an effort for consensus has taken the commission far away from its core responsibility to determine why the 9/11 tragedy occurred. This column is organized in the following manner:
- This Week's News
- A Necessary Flashback
- The Short-Lived 'Kissinger Commission'
- Unfinished Business
- The Final Word?
- Links To Sources