Pro-CIA Ruling In JFK Murder Cover-up Sets Stage For This Week's 'Whistleblower Summit'

Richard Leon


On the eve of a major Whistleblower Summit in the nation's capital, a federal judge issued a shocking pro-CIA ruling that has the effect of discouraging disclosure about the 1963 murder of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas.

U.S. District Judge Richard Leon denied attorneys fees under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to truth-seekers whose decade-long litigation against the CIA unearthed one of the most important disclosures during recent years in the murder investigation.

One revelation from the litigation was that a CIA psychological warfare expert, George Joannides, may have met accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald before the killing -- and then failed to disclose that fact in the 1970s to congressional investigators reexamining the case. Joannides was the CIA's official liaison to congressional investigators. 

CIA LogoLeon has issued three previous pro-CIA rulings, all reversed by the federal appellate court. His pattern of pro-agency rulings helps underscore the importance of the annual Whistleblower Summit for Civil and Human Rights, which began Monday, July 28 and extended for four highly successful days at several locations in Washington, DC. Details are here.

At the Summit, I examined Leon's role during my panel discussion about FOIA litigation on the opening day 28. I did so so earlier during the day also during a radio interview by Gloria Minott of WPFW-FM, which was syndicated nationally by the Pacifica Network and locally at 89.3 FM.

Minott was the main moderator of the Summit, which honored, among others, U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and former Qwest CEO Joseph Nacchio. Nacchio was imprisoned on dubious financial fraud charges after he refused a Bush-Cheney administration demand before 9/11 to help the NSA undertake illegal surveillance of Qwest customers. My information from expert sources for years has has been that Nacchio was targeted by prosecutors as reprisal for being the only major telco CEO to refuse the government's then-illegal spying orders.  

More generally, whistleblowers should know that Leon's decision discouraging investigation of President Kennedy's murder helps illustrate how truth-seekers can face hidden obstacles that motivate biased judges and other supposedly independent watchdogs to use their skills to fight disclosure even -- or especially -- when the stakes are high.

Truth-seekers should thus press forward with litigation and other tactics, but should be prepared also to fight in the court of public opinion.

In the JFK case:

CIA reluctantly disclosed during the litigation that travel records for Joannides revealed that he had traveled to New Orleans at a time when both he and accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald were active in the same anti-Castro circles before the killing.

Little known to the public but common knowledge among investigators, these anti-Castro circles were heavily infiltrated by the CIA (including Joannides) and FBI -- and likely included Oswald himself.

Lee Harvey Oswald New Orleans mug shot 1963

Oswald is shown in a New Orleans police photo following his intentional arrest during the summer of 1963 for his pro-Castro leaflet distribution. Authorities have long cited Oswald's actions as evidence of his suspicious behavior.

Skeptics of the commission's finding of his guilt in the JFK killing, however, cite extensive evidence that Oswald undertook the demonstration in cooperation with anti-Castro handlers working with the CIA and FBI who wanted him to become visibly identified as a pro-Castro operative. That complex world of intrigue -- in which the former Marine Oswald, 23, may have been the "patsy" for others -- is the subject of many books and disputes. A web-based column by Spartacus Educational researcher John Simkin provides a summary of a small portion of the material.

Later, Joannides served (without disclosing his 1963 summer trip to New Orleans, his family home) as the CIA's liaison to the 1970s House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) committee re-examining the Warren Commission's finding that Oswald killed Kennedy, acting alone.

In 1981, the CIA awarded a medal for career service to Joannides that recognized his 28-year career, the litigation disclosed. Now deceased, his photo is below.

George JoannidesThe judge is a Harvard Law School graduate who earned his prominence in part via the bitter partisan investigative probes of years past. On July 23, he ruled that a decade of public interest litigation to disclose the scandal was not important enough to merit fees under the law.

Unless overturned, Leon's ruling represents a harsh blow to two small non-profit public service organizations and their leaders. They have helped lead the fight to uncover the facts of one the most important murder mysteries in American history, and in this instance achieved major discoveries.

JFKFacts.org founder Jefferson Morley and his attorney, James Lesar, brought FOIA lawsuit Morley v. CIA seeking release of long-secret JFK records. Lesar is a longtime specialist in FOIA law who also leads the Assassination Archive and Records Center (AARC).

Morley is a former Washington Post reporter who left the paper after it proved reluctant in his view to pursue leads in the JFK murder case.

He published his view of Leon's decision in a July 25 column, Fifty one years later, federal judge upholds the CIA’s right to keep JFK secrets.

"The decision," Morley wrote, "exemplifies the extraordinary deference that the CIA enjoys in the federal courts. Leon dismissed extensive newspaper coverage of the lawsuit and ignored the coverage of a key document it uncovered. He affirmed that the CIA’s conduct in keeping JFK assassination-related records secrets in 2014 was “reasonable.” Morley continued regarding Leon:

His narrow decision studiously avoids grappling with the untold story of CIA operations around accused presidential assassin Lee Oswald in the summer of 1963 and the agency’s subsequent obstruction of a congressional investigation in 1978. The story of the late George Joannides [a CIA liaison to congressional investigators who failed to disclose that he had worked with Oswald prior to the assassination] is obviously relevant to the JFK story.

Jefferson MorleyMorley's writings include the book Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of the CIA,Jefferson Morley "Our Man in Mexico" cover and such columns as, "Howard Willens of the Warren Commission: Top CIA officials were 'not truthful'" and "Dan Hardway of the House Select Committee on Assassinations: The CIA 'shut us down.'''

Morley, shown at right in a file photo, is among the speakers whom AARC has confirmed for the nation's leading conference analyzing the 50th anniversary of the Warren Commission report. The conference will be from Sept. 25 to 26 in Bethesda, MD. Details are here.

The seven-member commission named for its chairman, the late Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren, found that Oswald acted alone in firing three bullets from behind that killed President Kennedy. 

Johnn F. Kennedy Looking UpMany independent experts have disputed that finding, as the Justice Integrity Project has reported in our comprehensive "Readers Guide" to books and related materials about the killing.

As indicated in our column and the series, JFK Murder, The CIA, and 8 Things Every American Should Know, a number of experts have cast suspicion upon the CIA as being directly involved in either the killing or a cover-up. Former CIA Director Allen Dulles was well-positioned for the latter as a member of the Warren Commission following his 1962 firing by Kennedy.

The late Air Force Col. L. Fletcher Prouty, the Joint Chiefs of Staff liaison between the Defense Department and the CIA during both the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, made detailed allegations against his former CIA colleagues in his 1996 book JFK: The CIA, Vietnam and the Plot Assassinate John F. Kennedy. Prouty, who died in 2001, documented in his memoir allegations accusing CIA officials as orchestrating the assassination as a coup d'etat on behalf of the private sector defense industry to prevent Kennedy's planned cutbacks in military spending and other policy changes.

The judicial treatment of Morley and Lesar parallels many other courtroom irregularities that our Justice Integrity Project has documented, both in the JFK investigation and in other sensitive cases.

For such reasons, events like the Warren Commissioner anniversary conference in September and the Whistleblower Summit last week provide vital opportunities for researchers to work more effectively.

In that spirit, we provided details on the Summit, whose organizers and sponsors made attendance available at no cost to attendees.

Whistleblower Summit
 
Elizabeth WarrenACORN 8, via Michael McCray, and Drum Majors for Truth (DM4T) though Zena Crenshaw-Logal co-hosted this year’s conference, previously known as Washington Whistleblower's Week. This four-day event featured a plenary session, workshops and panel discussions, a press conference at the National Press Club, and a Whistleblower Book Signing and Film Screening. Also, there were awards ceremonies and a solidarity dinner.

Regarding Warren (shown at left) and Nacchio:

Warren received the Pillar Award for fighting legislation that would roll back key parts of the Dodd-Frank financial reform law. The Dodd-Frank Act put in place a variety of measures that work together as a system to protect consumers, hold big banks accountable, and reduce the risk of future crises. The legislation targets derivatives, complex financial contracts that fueled the 2008 financial crisis.

Nacchio received the first Pillar Award for “Corporate Responsibility” for taking a stand for Internet Privacy after being retaliated against after he refused to capitulate to NSA demands for customer records. He was not able to attend. Organizers asked me to accept the award on his behalf because the Justice Integrity Project has written extensively about his public service in fighting for his customers' privacy, and the overall injustice of his prosecution. I told the audience his case was especially important to them because of the implications for privacy and selective prosecution against political targets.

Featured speakers and award-winners aside from Warren and Nacchio included U.S. Reps. Elijah Cummings (D-MD), Blake Farenthold (R-TX), and Jackie Speier (D-CA) as well as U.S. Special Counsel Carolyn Lerner.

Cummings and Blake Farenthold were honored for their sponsorship of H.R. 4197 “All Circuits Review Extension Act.” Speier received a Pillar Award for her ardent support for civil and human rights for women and sponsorship of the Military Whistleblower Protection Act. Lerner, the first recipient of a "Government Reform" prize at the event, was recognized for "the miraculous transformation of the Office of Special Counsel under her leadership."

Gloria Minott from WPFW, shown below, moderated the program.
 
Organizers said:

Gloria Minott"Over the last eight years," they wrote, "members from the Make it Safe Coalition (MISC) have arranged an assembly of whistleblowers in Washington, DC each year for an annual conference originally known as Washington Whistleblower’s Week. The Pacifica Foundation continues their historic support of whistleblowers, along with Code Pink and the Black Law Students Association at Georgetown University."

The group also celebrated the 25th Anniversary of the passage Whistleblower Protection Act.

Tom Devine, Legal Director for the Government Accountability Project, commented:

"This law is a landmark paradigm shift of legal rights, but it would be dishonest to say that any government whistleblower is safe. Since the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act’s passage, the Federal Circuit has ruled against whistleblowers in all final decisions. Unlike corporate whistleblowers, federal employees cannot seek justice through a jury trial. There is no legally safe option for Intelligence Community workers to challenge misconduct within the system, leaving media leaks as the only alternative to professional suicide. There is no protection against retaliatory criminal investigations or prosecutions, often more chilling than job reprisals. Our work is not over."

Zena Crenshaw-LogalZena Crenshaw-Logal, shown at right, is Executive Director the National Judicial Conduct and Disability Law Project, which administers Drum Majors for Truth, an association of post-secondary students for effective whistleblower protection. “Our role as a Summit co-sponsor," she said, "allows us to honor the real-life people risking and, in too many cases, sacrificing their personal well-being to help protect the American Dream for generations to come."
 
The event opened at the Stewart R. Mott House on Capitol Hill with a symbolic “Empty Chair” welcome that to honor courageous whistleblowers who could not be present due to retaliatory imprisonment, untimely death or increased prosecution under the Obama Administration.

The group met on July 30, 2014 for “National Whistleblower Appreciation Day” for frank discussions about whistleblowing after Edward Snowden's actions and President Obama's civil rights enforcement.

Martin Luther King Jr.The general public, all whistleblowers and their advocates, as well as the entire civil rights and human rights communities were invited.

The conference theme was: Is It Right? From Black Farmers and USDA employees who reported “pink slime” in our food supply, to NSA whistleblowers reporting domestic surveillance on the American people — Whistleblowers Protect People.

As an overview, organizers aptly quoted the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., shown in a file photo. Widespread suspicions about the official account of his killing in 1968 helped prompt a joint inquiry of his shooting and the JFK murder by the House Select Committee on Assassinations.

“Cowardice asks the question, ‘Is it safe?’" the murdered civil rights leader said. "Expediency asks the question, ‘Is it politic?’ Vanity asks the question, ‘Is it popular?’ But conscience asks the question, ‘Is it right?’ And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular but we must take it because our conscience tells us that it is right.”

 

 

Editor's Note: This report was updated to encompass events at the Summit following original publication

 
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Justice Integrity Project Readers Guide To JFK Assassination

* Denotes major articles in this Readers Guide series

Dealey Plaza Panorama (Andrew Kreig Photo)At right is a photo by this editor in Dallas showing Dealey Plaza. The Texas Book Depository Building where Oswald worked is behind the row of trees. The car in the center lane is near the location of President Kennedy's limo at the time of his fatal shooting.

  1. Project Launches JFK Assassination Readers' Guide, Oct. 16, 2013.
  2. Project Provides JFK Readers Guide To New Books, Videos , Oct. 26, 2013. This is a list of new books and films in 2013.
  3. Project Lists JFK Assassination Reports, Archives, Videos, Events, Nov. 2, 2013. Leading video, events and archives from the last 50 years. *
  4. Disputes Erupt Over NY Times, New Yorker, Washington Post Reviews of JFK Murder, Nov. 7, 2013. *
  5. Self-Censorship In JFK TV Treatments Duplicates Corporate Print Media's Apathy, Cowardice, Nov. 7, 2013.
  6. 'Puppetry' Hardback Launched Nov. 19 at DC Author Forum on ‘White House Mysteries & Media,'  Nov. 19, 2013.
  7. Major Media Stick With Oswald 'Lone Gunman' JFK Theory, Nov. 27, 2013. Self-censorship.
  8. JFK Murder Scene Trapped Its Victim In Kill Zone, Nov. 30, 2013.
  9. JFK Murder, The CIA, and 8 Things Every American Should Know, Dec. 9, 2013. The CIA implicated itself in the cover-up, according to experts who have spoken out. *
  10. JFK Murder Prompts Expert Reader Reactions, Dec. 19, 2013. Reactions to our Dec. 9 column. 
  11. Have Spy Agencies Co-Opted Presidents and the Press? Dec. 23, 2013. *
  12. Don't Be Fooled By 'Conspiracy Theory' Smears, May 26, 2014. *
  13. Experts To Reveal Secrets of JFK Murder, Cover-up at Sept. 26-28 DC Forum , Sept. 5, 2014. 
  14. Washington Post Still Selling Warren Report 50 Years Later, Sept. 22, 2014. *
  15. JFK Experts To Explode Myths, Sign Books In DC Sept. 26-28, Sept. 24, 2014.
  16. Former Cuban Militant Leader Claims CIA Meeting With Oswald Before JFK Killing, Sept. 27, 2014. *
  17. JFK Readers Guide: Assassination Books, Reports, Oct. 15, 2014. *
  18. Former U.S. House JFK Murder Prober Alleges CIA ‘Lied,’ Seeks Hidden Records, Oct. 18, 2014. *
  19. The JFK Murder 'Cover-up' Still Matters -- As Does C-SPAN's Coverage, Nov. 11, 2014. *
  20. JFK, Nov. 22 and the Continuing Cover-Up, Nov. 24, 2014. *
  21. JFK Assassination Readers Guide To 2013-14 Events, Nov. 28, 2014. *
  22. CIA, Empowered by JFK Murder Cover-up, Blocks Senate Torture Report, Dec. 1, 2014. *
  23. Nearly Too Late, Public Learns of Bill Moyers’ Conflicts Over PBS, LBJ, Jan. 2, 2014.
  24. Why Bill O'Reilly's Lie About JFK's Murder Might Matter To You, March 17, 2015.

 


JFK-Related News Coverage

Justice Integrity Project, JFK Murder, The CIA, and 8 Things Every American Should Know, Andrew Kreig, Dec. 9, 2013. The Central Intelligence Agency implicated itself in the 1963 murder of President Kennedy and its ongoing cover-up, according to experts who have spoken out recently. Former congressional investigator Robert Tanenbaum said he and his boss quit the last official probe of JFK’s murder in 1978 because Congress was too frightened of the CIA’s power to permit a probe of the agency's suspicious actions.

Justice Integrity Project, Bush-Era Mississippi, Qwest Cases Still Make News, March 25, 2011. Two federal political prosecutions from the last decade are still making news. Two significant federal political prosecutions from the last decade are still making news this week. In Mississippi, U.S. District Judge Henry Wingate again postponed resentencing of the imprisoned trial attorney and Democratic fund-raiser Paul Minor, whose prosecution on corruption Joseph Nacchiocharges in 2003 helped Republican Haley Barbour win the state’s governorship. In New Jersey, imprisoned former Qwest Communications CEO Joseph Nacchio sued his politically well-connected former lawyer, Herbert Stern, on grounds of ineffective legal work during Nacchio’s prosecution on insider trading charges – despite Stern’s $25 million in legal fees. The Justice Integrity Project has tracked both their cases after researching evidence that the Bush Justice Department targeted them both improperly for political reasons. The reasons? Minor was a highly successful plaintiffs attorney in torts cases against corporations, and also the leading donor to Democrats in Mississippi, including judges who seek donations in a system of elections. Nacchio (shown in a file G. Robert Blakeyphoto) was the only one of the nation’s top telecom CEOs in 2001 to decline Bush administration requests to provide customer records without guarantees of legal compliance for widespread federal surveillance. Nacchio's lawyers included the eminent appellate counsel Maureen Mahoney of Latham & Watkins, a former high-level Justice Department official. She unsuccessfully argued to the Supreme Court that her client's prosecution was politically motivated because of his refusal to violate customer privacy early in the Bush administration.

The Assassination Archives and Research Center (AARC), AARC Announces Conference. The AARC will host a conference from Sept. 26 to 28 commemorating the 50th James Lesaranniversary of the release of the Warren Commission Report on the Assassination of President Kennedy. The conference theme is: The Warren Report and the JFK Assassination: A Half Century of Significant Disclosures. The three-day conference begins with an opening reception Sept. 25. The locale will be at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Bethesda, Maryland. The Cyril H. Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law will co-sponsor the conference. Many noted authorities have committed to speak at the conference, including Russell Baker; Prof. G. Robert Blakey (shown at far left along with AARC Co-founder James Lesar); Jim D’Eugenio; Marie Fonzi; Robert Groden; Dan Hardway, JD; David Kaiser, Ph.D.; Prof. Joan Mellen; Jefferson Morley; Prof. John Newman; Dr. Randolph Robertson; Prof. Peter Dale Scott; Dr. Wayne Smith; Anthony Summers; Dr. Donald Thomas; Prof. Ernst Titovets, MD, Ph.D; Lamar Waldron; Dr. Cyril H. Wecht, MD, JD; and many others. A complete list of confirmed speakers and more details about the conference will be found at the AARC’s website. The room rate is $119 (+ tax) per night for conference attendees. Double-occupancy surcharges and in-room Wi-Fi charges have been waived. For those who may want to extend your visit to the D.C. area the Hyatt-Regency has agreed to extend this special room rate to three days preceding and following the conference.

U.S. News and World Report, Unanswered Questions About the CIA Still Surround JFK's Death, Jefferson Morley, Nov. 18, 2013. There are a lot of implausible theories about who killed President Kennedy. The notion that one man alone killed the president for no reason is one of them. So the possibility of conspiracy has to be taken seriously. Unfortunately, on the 50th anniversary of JFK's death, most major news organizations still seek to portray a belief that Kennedy was killed by his enemies as the irrational conclusion of emotionally needy people seeking to ward off the painful "truth" that one deranged person could change history. But as a working reporter who has written about the JFK story for 25 years, I am struck by two revelations emerging from the mass of 4 million pages of assassination-related records declassified since Oliver Stone's movie, both of which lend credence the idea that certain CIA officers may have connived in JFK's death. The first is that Lee Harvey Oswald was watched far more closely by top CIA officials than the American people were ever told. The second aspect of the JFK story that arouses conspiratorial suspicion is the revelation, first published on my Web site, JFK Facts, that thousands of pages of assassination-related records have never been made public by the CIA. There is reason to believe that these records might shed light on the events, because they include information on CIA personnel who figure in the assassination story. According to the National Archives online database, these classified records concern the secret operations of CIA officers David Phillips and Anne Goodpasture, both stationed in Mexico City, who knew about Oswald's leftist politics and foreign contacts in late 1963 yet raised no security concerns about him. Phillips' later gave misleading and contradictory testimony to Congress, prompting several investigators to allege he was involved in a conspiracy to kill JFK. Phillips rejected the charge, but told an acquaintance he thought JFK had been killed by rogue CIA officers. More than 100 pages from the files have to do with Bill K. Harvey, a legendarily brash operative who organized several unsuccessful CIA conspiracies to kill Fidel Castro. His undisguised contempt for President Kennedy and his brother Bobby cost him a high-level job in mid-1963. Other secret files concern E. Howard Hunt, the CIA officer who later gained notoriety as a Watergate burglar, and David Morales, chief of anti-Castro paramilitary operations in Miami. Both men are known to have made statements late in life suggesting they knew about a plot to kill JFK. Did one or more officers (all of whom are deceased) conspire to kill Kennedy? There's no proof of that, but it's not an unreasonable or paranoid question. Without all the evidence, it would be premature to dismiss the possibility. Only full disclosure by the CIA can dispel conspiratorial speculation. Unfortunately, the agency says it will not release these records until at least October 2017, meaning the question of conspiracy remains open.

House Select Committee Report in 1979 and Warren Commission Report in 1964

Warren Commission Presents Report to President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964Investigation of the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy: Final Report and Appendix to Hearings Before the Select Committee To Study Government Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, 95th Congress, Volumes I-XII. House Report No. 95-1828.U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979, with accompanying 12 volumes on the JFK portion of the probe. The Final Report of the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) presents the HSCA's findings in the murders of both President John F. Kennedy and Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. The report is available here via the History Matters archive, which provides this summary: "The HSCA found a "probable conspiracy" in the JFK assassination, but was unable to determine its nature or participants (other than that Oswald was still deemed to have fired all the successful shots). In the King case, the HSCA similarly found that James Earl Ray assassinated Reverend King, but that there might have been a small-scale conspiracy involved."

Earl WarrenReport of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy [aka "Warren Commission Report"] and 26 volumes of hearings and exhibits, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1964, available here via the Mary Ferrell Foundation.

Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren, center in the photo at left, and individually at right, led the seven-member commission. Warren, a former governor of California, is shown at left presenting the report in 1964 to President Lyndon Baines Johnson, Kennedy's successor.

 

 

Selected JFK Assassination Archives, Websites (Additions Welcome)

Assassination Archives and Research Center (AARC), Washington, DC, Founder James Lesar. The AARC's holdings comprise the most extensive collection of records on the JFK assassination in private hands. It has approximately 1,500 books on assassinations, organized crime, covert activities, and a wide variety of other subjects relevant to the study of assassinations and related topics. Its “main files” consist of newspaper and magazine articles, unpublished manuscripts, trial transcripts, photographs, tapes, notes, letters and other materials which fill some 36 four-drawer file cabinets.

Baylor University, JFK Materials Collection, Waco, TX. Ben Rogers, Director, W.R. Poage Legislative Library, Baylor University. The JFK Materials collection began in 2004 with the acquisition of the papers of Penn Jones, Jr. from his friend, Bob Platt. These papers included correspondence, manuscripts, cassette tapes, video tapes, magazines, photographs and various publications. Additional materials were given by Penn Jones' sons including a large group of materials related to Penn's service with the 36th Infantry Division in WWII. The new web site for the Penn Jones Collection is www.baylor.edu/lib/poage/jones/.

Citizens for Truth About the Kennedy Assassination (CTKA). CTKA is an activist group lobbying for full disclosure of all records relating to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. It was organized as a result of the April 1993 Chicago Midwest Symposium on Assassinations. At the end of that conference, it was generally decided that the time had come to create a political action group, which would urge the executive branch of our government to re-open the unsolved assassinations of the 1960s-i.e., the murders of President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and Dr. Martin Luther King. CTKA endeavors to ensure that the Review Board fulfill its mandate to release all the remaining records pertaining to the JFK assassination; to amend the current Freedom of Information Act to render future covert actions more difficult to hide; and to urge the American people to discover the truth about their history.

Coalition on Political Assassinations (COPA), Washington, DC. Founded in 1994 and led by the late John Judge, the Coalition on Political Assassinations originally included the Committee for an Open Archives, the Citizens for Truth about the Kennedy Assassination, and the Assassination Archives and Research Center. The organization has served before its founder's death in 2014 as a network of the serious researchers into the murders of John and Robert Kennedy, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and other political figures.

History Matters: The JFK Assassination. History Matters, based in Ipswich, MA, is a venture operated by Rex Bradford, a computer game designer and avid historian of the Cold War. Rex has published articles in JFK assassination journals and speaks regularly at conferences on this topic. Besides operating a website, History Matters produces a series of CD-ROM titles containing source materials and essays on the topics presented on this site. The goal of this website is to serve as a repository and focal point for education and research on the subject of the JFK assassination and related topics in Cold War history. History Matters is devoted to the idea that history does matter. Much of the history that we learn is biased and distorted. This is particularly true of the "official" history of our darker national episodes. History Matters has no agenda, however, other than service to the truth. By delivering document collections in an accessible manner, we hope to inform and enlighten.

JFK Facts, Washington, DC. Led by author and former Washington Post reporter Jefferson Morley, JFK Facts seeks to become the premier web destination for hiqh-quality information about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. "We will fact-check news stories, blogs, YouTube videos, books, and movies about the JFK assassination with the goal of dispelling confusion and establishing an accurate historical record. We answer questions for high school and college students, as well as the general public."

Jacqueline Kennedy, Clinton Hill in DallasJFK Lancer Productions and Publications, TX. JFK Lancer (named for the JFK's Secret Service code name "Lancer") is a historical research company specializing in the administration and assassination of President John F. Kennedy; founded in 1995 by Thomas A. Jones and Debra J. Conway. Larry Hancock is the Chairman, and Stuart Wexler the Co-Chairman. It was joined by Sherry P. Fiester in 2006, Nicola Mediteraneo in 2010, and Julianne Carson in 2013. Its description: "JFK Lancer works with the largest and most active group of President John F. Kennedy historical researchers."

John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston, MA. The facility is dedicated to the memory of the nation's thirty-fifth president and to all those who through the art of politics seek a new and better world. "Located on a ten-acre park, overlooking the sea that he loved and the city that launched him to greatness, the Library stands as a vibrant tribute to the life and times of John F. Kennedy."

Kennedy Half Century. This is the title of a 2013 book by University of Virginia Professor Larry J. Sabato, who is created an unusually innovative collection of new and old research materials. "John F. Kennedy died almost half a century ago—yet because of his extraordinary promise and untimely death, his star still resonates strongly. On the anniversary of his assassination, celebrated political scientist and analyst Larry J. Sabato—himself a teenager in the early 1960s and inspired by JFK and his presidency—explores the fascinating and powerful influence he has had over five decades on the media, the general public, and especially on each of his nine presidential successors."

Mary and Buck FerrellMary Ferrell Foundation (MFF), Ipswich, MA. DC. MFF, directed by Rex Bradford, shown at left,, is a non-profit 501(c)(3) group engaged in an ongoing effort to bring accessible and interactive history to a new generation of critical thinkers. With a wide topic base including the assassinations of the 1960s, the Watergate scandal, and post-Watergate intelligence abuse investigations, the MFF’s vast digital Rex Bradfordarchive at www.maryferrell.org contains over 1.2 million pages of documents, government reports, books, essays, and hours of multimedia. This site is open to all for browsing. Free membership allows you to make comments and write reviews. A supporting membership enables full use of our advanced search tools. Institutional memberships are also available. Find out more about Membership in the MFF. The late Mary Ferrell, a legal secretary in Dallas who immediately suspected after the JFK shooting that archives would be vital to public understanding, is shown a right with her late husband, Buck.

McAdams Museum, Milwaukee, WI. Prof. John McAdams, the author of The Kennedy Assassination and a defender of the Warren Commission, created an archive of materials, including a recommended list of readings of primarily older books with conventional views of the assassination and its impact. As one review wrote of the archive founder's book, "McAdams has the distinction of being both a clear thinker and a clear writer. This book takes on a subject many consider one of history’s great mysteries and offers simple tools to dismantle its apparent complexities—and, by extension, many more such mysteries in the world around us."

National Archives and Record Administration (NARA), Washington, DC. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nation's record keeper. Of all documents and materials created in the course of business conducted by the United States Federal government, only 1%-3% are so important for legal or historical reasons that they are kept forever. JFK researchers may search the NARA online database of recently declassified and still-classified records from the Kennedy assassination investigations. The site provides a Kennedy Assassination Collection Simple Search Form. Some names appear in various forms. For example, records pertaining to Clay Shaw are sometimes coded "CS" while others show up under the search term "Clay Shaw."

Oswald Innocence Campaign, Santa Barabara, CA. Administrator Ralph Cinque. "We are an organization of JFK researchers committed to spreading the truth that -- in spite of ingenious efforts to conceal it -- Lee Harvey Oswald was the "Man in the Doorway" in the famous Altgens photo, which thereby exonerates him of any and all guilt in the murder of President Kennedy. It is the smoking gun of the JFK assassination. The Pacific Coast Blues Band has recorded our anthem for JFK truth. The video is on Youtube: "He Didn't Do It." The truth about Lee Harvey Oswald can clearly be seen where he is standing in the doorway of the Texas School Book Depository during the assassination. Lee was watching the passing motorcade, and it proves that he could not have been up on the 6th floor firing at President Kennedy. Senior members of the Oswald Innocence Campaign are listed. 

L Fletcher ProutyProuty.org. A website devoted to the life and commentaries of the late L. Fletcher Prouty, left, an Air Force colonel who held high-level positions in the Eisenhower and Kennedy administration's Department of Defense. This website is maintained by Black Ops Radio host Len Olsanic. It provides materials on the liaison between the Air Force and CIA during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations. Prouty served as the chief of special operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Kennedy years. A retired colonel of the U.S. Air Force, he ran the global system designed to provide military support for the clandestine activities of the CIA from 1955 to 1964. He was the author ofJFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy. Skyhorse, 2013 (1992), and The Secret Team. Prentice Hall, 1973.

Real History Archives. Lisa Pease, co-editor of Probe and former webmaster for CTKA, directs this site. It says of its founding: This site exists because we are not being told the truth about our history. Are you under the impression that Oswald killed Kennedy? That the media is independent? That the CIA never operates without presidential authority? If so, you need to peruse these archives and find out what you've been missing. This site is designed to provide researchers links and leads to finding solid information about our real history, as opposed to the convenient -- if somewhat fake -- history the "mainstream" corporate press feeds us. This site has been in existence since 1993, and will continue to evolve.

John SimkinSpartacus Educational, United Kingdom. This is a web-based educational maintained by John Simkin, right, an educator. Its index of key figures and topics in the JFK assassination is here. The material is hot-linked to extensive bios and photos. There are approximately 500 names listed in Simkin's database of important figures, witnesses and possible conspirators. Sixty are listed among the 120 suspicious deaths in a spreadsheet of deaths from 1964-78 maintained separately by researcher Richard Charnin, who calculates that 45 of the 60 were homicides. The  web-based Spartacus archive contains many topics beyond United States history and the JFK murder.

Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, Dallas, TX. The museum chronicles the assassination and legacy of President John F. Kennedy; interprets the Dealey Plaza National Historic Landmark District and the John F. Kennedy Memorial Plaza; and presents contemporary culture within the context of presidential history.

Wikipedia, Assassination of John F. Kennedy.